A Soviet GAZ-A and a French Renault Juvaquatre

 

I have some collection care models, which are very beautiful. I used to like watching them, but when I moved in a new apartment, I’ve lost some of them. Today when I was cooking I observed one of them, wich was used as a decoration for my desk. These models are very different, because they are made in two different countries (and I am talking about the toys), the French one was made in France, but the Soviet one was made in China. About the first model it is clear, but I am not sure about the second model.

 

GAZ-A was a middle class car with a body type phaeton. A licensed copy of the Ford-A car, the equipment and documentation for the production of which were purchased by the Soviet government in the United States in 1929 from Ford Motor Company.

The first Soviet passenger car mass assembly conveyor. Produced from 1932 to 1936 at the Gorky Automobile Plant and from 1933 to 1935 at the Moscow plant KIM. The first two cars were assembled on December 8, 1932. A total of 41,917 cars were produced.

GAZ-A cars participated in the rally of Moscow-Karakum-Moscow (1933) and successfully overtaken a 9.5 thousands of kilometers. There is a city legend that in Leningrad and Moscow the exploitation of GAZ-A was banned after 1936, and the small car owners were ordered to turn over the GAZ-A to the state and purchase a new GAZ-M-1 with additional payment, for reasons of obsolete GAZ-A construction by 1936 and the unseemliness of the appearance of an old car in a large city.

The Renault Juvaquatre is a small family car / compact car automobile produced by the French manufacturer Renault between 1937 and 1960, although production stopped or slowed to a trickle during the war years. The Juvaquatre was produced as a sedan/saloon until 1948 when the plant switched its full attention to the new Renault 4CV. During the second half of 1952 the plant restarted production of the Juvaquatre sedans/saloons for a period of approximately five months.

The Juvaquatre was originally conceived in 1936 by Louis Renault as a small, affordable car designed to occupy the 6CV car tax class and to fit in the Renault range below existing more upmarket models such as the Primaquatre and Celtaquatre. The company was focused on creating new customers who would not otherwise buy Renaults, and on appealing to the new class of lower-income consumer created by changing labor conditions and the rise of the Popular Front in France in the 1930s (which ironically had adversely affected Renault considerably). The Juvaquatre was heavily inspired by the German Opel Olympia, a car by which the patron had been impressed during a 1935 visit to Berlin.
Text by: Claudiu C. CREȚU
Photography by: Claudiu C. CREȚU
© The Bunget 2017

 

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