1970s – 1980s and the Soviet Moldova by Ion Chibzii

In the 1970s and 1980s Moldova received substantial investment from the budget of the USSR to develop industrial, scientific facilities, as well as housing. In 1971, the Council of Ministers of the USSR adopted a decision “About the measures for further development of Kishinev (Chișinău) city” that secured more than one billion rubles of investment from the USSR budget. Subsequent decisions directed enormous wealth and brought highly qualified specialists from all over the USSR to develop the Soviet republic. Such an allocation of USSR assets was partially influenced by the fact that Leonid Brezhnev, the effective ruler of the USSR from 1964 to 1982, was the Communist Party First Secretary in the Moldavian SSR in 1950-1952.

Although Brezhnev and other CPM first secretaries were largely successful in suppressing Moldavian nationalism, Mikhail S. Gorbachev’s administration facilitated the revival of the movement in the region. His policies of glasnost and perestroika created conditions in which national feelings could be openly expressed and in which the Soviet republics could consider reforms independently from the central government.

The Bunget editorial has found special photographs from the Soviet period of Bessarabia, made by the Moldovan photographer Ion Chibzii. These original works show a poorly developed, but clean and neat republic. We can see the same backward and inconvenient architecture, the same bad asphalt, the same badly made sidewalks, and the same stupid urbanism. But something is different and there we can some charming details. 

In Bal?i (1985).
In Bălți / Beltz. 1985
Balti (1985).
Lenin Square of Bălți / Beltz. 1985
A May 1 Parade on Victory Square. 1971
The Church of Assumption of Our Lady, Căușeni. 1980
Soroca (1985).
Soroca. 1985
On the way to Peciste (1980).
On the way to Peciște. 1980
Taul Park (1980). Donduseni district.
Țaul Park in Dondușeni. 1980
Blvd. Dacia (1980).
Dacia Boulevard, Chișinău. 1980
Ceausescu in Chisinau (1975).
Nicolae Ceaușescu in Chișinău. 1975
The Old Believers - 3 (1979). In the city of Otaci, Ocnita district.
The Old Believers in the town of Otaci, Ocnița district. 1979
The surroundings of Glodeni. 1982
Chișinău. 1980
Soroca district center (1980).
Soroca. 1980
A bronze statue of Vasile Lupu, Prince of Moldavia, near the church of St. Demetrius in Orhei. 1980
Soroca Fort (1980). "Soroca Fort"
Soroca Fortress. 1980
Căpriana Monastery. 1980
Young family (1979). Miska, Lida and Karina.
A young family. 1979
In Dubasari district (1980).
In Dubăsari / Dubossary district. 1980
The village Cojusna (1980). Straseni district. "Cojusna Straseni"
The village of Cojușna. 1980
The new route to Balti (1990).
The new route to Bălți
Romanesti village (1975). Straseni district. "Romanesti Straseni"
Românești village. 1975
Bălți city centre. 1985
Between Straseni and Calarasi (1980).
Between Strășeni and Călărași. 1980
Chisinau (1989).
Chișinău. 1989
Market Balti (1985).
Market in Bălți. 1985
Bălți city centre. 1985
Flags of the Soviet republics in Bălți. 1985

Text by Claudiu C. CREȚU

Photography by Ion CHIBZII (flickr/ion_chibzii)

© The Bunget 2017

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